Introduction of Yunnan Pu'er Tea
Pu-Erh Tea is one of the ten most famous teas in China. Pu’Er is a large leafed tea from the Yunnan province in China and has been famous as a medicinal tea. The earliest records of Pu’Er tea date back to the Tang Dynasty ( 618AD-906AD ) when it was the favorite tea of the nobleman of this time. Pu’er tea over the centuries has been used as a form of currency in China and an important international trading item. Pu’re tea was at one time very well known in northern Canada among the northern native people, who were trading across the Bering Strait. Pu’Er tea derives its name from the market town of Pu-er, where it was originally processed and sold, but it is grown on the Nuoshan Mountains. It is said that the unique taste of? Pu’Er Tea was developed because it took weeks to transport the tea leaves by horseback to the town to be processed. During this transportation period the tea leaves would begin to ferment in the humidity and release a strong, fragrant aroma, which people found quite pleasant. A special technique of tea fermenting developed and Pu’er was thus created.
The secret of making Pu’er tea has been closely guarded in China for centuries. The tea leaves are collected from growers of a special broad-leaf tea tree, which are said to be related to ancient prehistoric tea trees. The leaves go through two types of fermentation, which gives this tea its unique characteristics; a mild, but distinctively earthy flavour. Pu’er requires a minimum of 10 years to mature and gets only better with age. Pu’er teas are much like fine wines, which become smoother and more balanced with age. Pu’Er teas are much lower in tannins than other teas due to the special processing method which it undergoes.
Pu’Er tea has been celebrated since the Tang Dynasty ( 618AD-906AD ) for its health benefits and curative powers in certain diseases. Modern medical science has recently shown that the health benefits of Pu’er tea may be more than just Chinese folklore. Since 1970 France, Japan and China have been conducting many scientific studies on Pu’Er tea which suggest that it may: reduce cholesterol in the blood stream reduce body weight; help to reduce high blood pressure, heart & liver diseases related to high saturated fat diets detoxify the liver; help prevent intestinal infection, digestive problems and constipation; help to prevent the formation of cancer cells in the body due to its anti-oxidants.
There are pu'er loose leaves tea, cake tea, brick tea, bird's nest' tea, arts and crafts pu'er tea.
The cultural history of Pu'er Tea
Pu'er Tea rose up in the Eastern Han Dynasty, turned into comity in the Tang Dynasty, began to be popular in the Sing Dynasty, as finalized in the Ming Dynasty and was prospered in Qing Dynasty with a history of thousand of years. Pu'er Tea tea was originally named by its central trading area, in 1729 Qing government had first established an administrative zone named Pu'er Tea zone in Yunnan. From the 1970’s, Pu'er Tea become hot in Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, Japan, Korea and so on. Pu'er Tea is hot because its habitat of high elevation and fogy growing environment, in is pollution-free in nature, is mellow in taste and long in the aftertaste; Moreover, the unique manufacture, transportation, packaging of Pu'er Tea made it become a unique second fermenting tea, thus has formed it’s the unique crusted fragrance and the health care function.
How to drink fine Pu'er Tea
Tea is one kind of ancient and civilized beverage, China is the earliest country to discover and apply “tea” in the world, tea has now become one of the three major beverages in the world. Supposed to observe the soup color in drinking the high quality Pu'er Tea tea at first: The Pu'er Tea tea appears the different change in the water color because of the deference of fermenting degree and time, if it is the new and ripe Pu'er Tea, the tea soup is thick, and the flavor is greenish in taste; the old Pu'er Tea is insufficient in the aftertaste, but the bitter and astringent flavor has already desalinated because the fermenting time is not so long as the quest; if it is the real crusted Pu'er Tea, the color, the fragrance, the flavor are all the best in testing.
The high quality Pu'er Tea needs abort 5 grams in each steep; it can continuously steep for 15 times. The length of steeping time directly affects the flavor of tea soup. Before the steep, the pressed Pu'er Tea had better first to be unwrap for 1-2 week in advance to awake the nature of tea; as for the brick tea, cake tea, ball tea the unwrap can be shorter, otherwise the density of soup that these teas steep out will too heavy to taste. Lt certainly can rest on personally favorites to steep Pu'er Tea to suit your taste is ok.
In Drinking the Pu'er Tea , besides to view soup color and to control the steeping time, to smell the fragrance is also very important, the fragrance of Pu'er Tea is deferent to the clear fragrance Taiwan high mountain tea, the fragrance of new Pu'er Tea is slightly similar to that of the Taiwan tea, only because the Pu'er Tea needs the affiliation by the air in the right amount of moisture content, which acts as the second fermentation, to achieve the crusted fragrance, therefore the fragrance Pu'er Tea is the aromatic compound which tea itself includes that affects by the length of storing time and the environment. This crusted fragrance is good or not can be identified by the smell inspiration during the steeping. Finally supposed to observe the bottom in drinks the high quality Pu'er Tea , namely to use the finger to pinches the tea bottom to identify the tea is delicate or not.
The deposit of Pu'er Tea
Pu'er Tea is lf various methods in depositing, in fact it only needs to de stored in a clean and ventilating place then, “where person can live to be allowed to deposit Pu'er Tea”. Generally do not have the direct solar radiation, do not place in the refrigerator, do not put into the seal and vacuum tank.